During a Plague…
There is an authentic Hadith that Imam Ahmad reported that `Abdullah bin `Abbas (رضي الله عنه) said that `Umar bin Al-Khattab (رضي الله عنه) once went to Ash-Sham (Syria). When he reached the area of Sargh, he was met by the commanders of the army: Abu `Ubaydah bin Jarrah (رضي الله عنه) and his companions. They told him that the plague had broken out in Ash-Sham. The Hadith then mentioned that `Abdur-Rahman bin `Awf (رضي الله عنه), who was away attending to some of his affairs, came and said, “I have knowledge regarding this matter. I heard Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) say:
«إِذَا كَانَ بِأَرْضٍ وَأَنْتُمْ بِهَا فَلَا تَخْرُجُوا فِرَارًا مِنْه، وإِذَا سَمِعتُمْ به بأَرْضٍ فَلا تَقْدمُوا عَلَيْه»
(If it (the plague) breaks out in a land that you are in, do not leave that land to escape from it. If you hear about it in a land, do not enter it.)
`Umar (رضي الله عنه) then thanked Allah and went back.
This Hadith is also reported in the Sahihayn.
This hadith shows the adherence of ‘Umar to the words of the Messenger.