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The Patience of ‘Urwah ibn al-Zubayr (رضي الله عنهما)

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‘Urwah ibn al-Zubayr (رضي الله عنهما) came to visit the Khalîfah al-Walîd ibn ‘Abdu’l-Malik. With him was his son Muhammad, who was one of the most handsome of men. The young man had dressed up for the occasion in fine clothes, and had his hair in two plaits or braids. When al-Walîd saw him, he said, “This is how the young people of Quraysh look!” and by so saying, put the evil eye on him. Before he left, the young man fell ill. When he was in the stable (preparing for the journey) he fell down, and the horses trampled him to death.

Then ‘Urwah got gangrene in his leg, and al-Walîd sent doctors to him, who suggested that the leg should be amputated, otherwise the gangrene would spread to the rest of the body and kill him. ‘Urwah agreed, and the doctors began to remove his leg, using a saw. When the saw reached the bone, ‘Urwah fainted, and when he came around, sweat was pouring down his face, and he was repeating, “Lâ ilâh ill-Allâh, Allâhu akbar.” When the operation was over, he picked up his leg and kissed it, then said, “I swear by the One Who mounted me on you, I never used to walk to any place of wrong action or to any place where Allâh would not like me to be.” Then he gave instructions that the leg should be washed, perfumed, wrapped in a cloth and buried in the Muslim graveyard.

When ‘Urwah left al-Walîd and returned to Madînah, his family and friends went to meet him at the outskirts of the city and to offer condolences. The only reply he made was to quote from the Qur’ân: “…truly we have suffered much fatigue at our journey” (alKahf 18:62). He did not say any more than that. Then he said, “I will not enter Madînah, for people there either rejoice over the afflictions of others, or else feel envy for their blessings.” So he went to stay in a place at al-‘Aqîq. ‘Îsâ ibn Talhah came to visit him there and said, “May your enemies’ fathers perish!” and asked him, “Show me the affliction for which I have come to console you.” ‘Urwah uncovered his stump, and ‘Îsâ said, “By Allâh, we were not preparing you to wrestle! Allâh has saved most of you: your sanity, your tongue, your eyesight, your two hands, and one of your two legs.” ‘Urwah told him, “Nobody has consoled me as you have.”

When the doctors came to perform the amputation, they had asked ‘Urwah whether he
would drink intoxicants to ease the pain. He said, “Allâh is testing me to see the extent of my patience. How could I go against His commands?”

“Uddat as-Sâbireen wa Dhâkirat ash-Shâkireen”

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June 30, 2011 at 3:23 am

Posted in 'Urwah Ibn Zubayr

Action of Sahaba after hearing Prophet’s advice

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Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Sa`id (رضي الله عنه) said, “My mother sent me to the Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) of Allah to ask him for help, but when I came by him I sat down. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) faced me and said to me,

«مَنِ اسْتَغْنَى أَغْنَاهُ اللهُ، وَمَنِ اسْتَعَفَّ أَعَفَّهُ اللهُ، وَمَنِ اسْتَكَفَّ كَفَاهُ اللهُ، وَمَنْ سَأَلَ وَلَهُ قِيمَةُ أُوقِيَّةٍ فَقَدْ أَلْحَف»

(Whoever felt satisfied, then Allah will enrich him. Whoever is modest, Allah will make him decent. Whoever is content, then Allah will suffice for him. Whoever asks people, while having a small amout, he will have begged the people.)

Abu Sa`id (رضي الله عنه) said, “I said to myself, `I have a camel, Al-Yaqutah, and indeed, it is worth more than a small amount.’ And I went back without asking the Prophet for anything.”

This is the same wording for this Hadith collected by Abu Dawud and An-Nasa’i.

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June 28, 2011 at 3:45 pm

Which Ayah in the Qur’an carries more hope for you…

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Muhammad bin Al-Munkadir said that `Abdullah bin `Abbas  (رضي الله عنه) met `Abdullah bin `Amr bin Al-`As  (رضي الله عنه) and said to him, “Which Ayah in the Qur’an carries more hope for you” Ibn `Amr said,

﴿قُلْ يعِبَادِىَ الَّذِينَ أَسْرَفُواْ عَلَى أَنفُسِهِمْ لاَ تَقْنَطُواْ﴾

(Say: “O `Ibadi (My servants) who have transgressed against themselves (by committing evil deeds and sins)! Despair not.) ﴿39:53﴾.

Ibn `Abbas said, “But I say that it is Allah’s statement,

﴿وَإِذْ قَالَ إِبْرَهِيمُ رَبِّ أَرِنِى كَيْفَ تُحْىِ الْمَوْتَى قَالَ أَوَلَمْ تُؤْمِن قَالَ بَلَى﴾

(And (remember) when Ibrahim عليه السلام said, “My Lord! Show me how You give life to the dead.” He (Allah) said: “Do you not believe” He (Ibrahim) said: “Yes (I believe)…)

Allah accepted Ibrahim’s affirmation when he merely said, `Yes.’ This Ayah refers to the doubts that attack the heart and the thoughts that Shaytan inspires.”

Al-Hakim  recorded this in Al-Mustadrak and said; “Its chain is Sahih but they did not record it.”

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June 27, 2011 at 6:02 am

Man’s honour

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قَالَ أَبُو الْقَاسِم الْبَغَوِيّ : حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو رَوْح الْبَلَدِيّ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الْأَحْوَص سَلَّام بْن سَلِيم عَنْ أَبِي إِسْحَاق عَنْ حَسَّان هُوَ اِبْن قَائِد الْعَبْسِيّ قَالَ : قَالَ عُمَر – رَضِيَ اللَّه عَنْهُ – إِنَّ الْجِبْتَ السِّحْرُ وَالطَّاغُوتَ الشَّيْطَانُ وَإِنَّ الشُّجَاعَةَ وَالْجُبْنَ غَرَائِزُ تَكُون فِي الرِّجَال يُقَاتِل الشُّجَاع عَمَّنْ لَا يَعْرِف وَيَفِرُّ الْجَبَانُ مِنْ أُمّه وَإِنَّ كَرَمَ الرَّجُلِ دِينُهُ وَحَسَبَهُ خُلُقُهُ وَإِنْ كَانَ فَارِسِيًّا أَوْ نَبَطِيًّا

Abu Al-Qasim Al-Baghawi recorded that `Umar (رضي الله عنه) said, “Jibt means magic, and Taghut means Shaytan. Verily, courage and cowardice are two instincts that appear in men, the courageous fights for those whom he does not know and the coward runs away from defending his own mother. Man’s honor resides with his religion and his status is based upon his character, even if he was Persian or Nabatian.”

Tabari

 

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June 27, 2011 at 5:58 am

Posted in 'Umar Ibn Khattab

The dream of `Abdullah bin Salam (رضي الله عنه)

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Imam Ahmad recorded that Qays bin `Abbad said, “I was in the Masjid when a man whose face showed signs of humbleness came and prayed two Rak`ahs that were modest in length. The people said, `This is a man from among the people of Paradise.’ When he left, I followed him until he entered his house, and I entered it after him and spoke with him. When he felt at ease, I said to him, `When you entered the Masjid, the people said such and such things.’ He said, `All praise is due to Allah! No one should say what he has no knowledge of. I will tell you why they said that. I saw a vision during the time of the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم), and I narrated it to him. I saw that I was in a green garden, ‘ and he described the garden’s plants and spaciousness, `and there was an iron pole in the middle of the garden affixed in the earth and its tip reached the sky. On its tip, there was a handle, and I was told to ascend the pole. I said, `I cannot.’ Then a helper came and raised my robe from behind and said to me, `Ascend.’ I ascended until I grasped the handle and he said to me, `Hold on to the handle.’ I awoke from that dream with the handle in my hand. I went to the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) and told him about the vision and he said,

«أَمَّا الرَّوْضَةُ فَرَوْضَةُ الْإِسْلَامِ، وَأَمَّا الْعَمُودُ فَعَمُودُ الْإِسْلَامِ، وَأَمَّا الْعُرْوَةُ فَهِيَ الْعُرْوَةُ الْوُثْقَى، أَنْتَ عَلَى الْإِسْلَامِ حَتَّى تَمُوت»

(As for the garden, it represents Islam; as for the pole, it represents the pillar of Islam; and the handle represents the most trustworthy handhold. You shall remain Muslim until you die.)

This Companion was `Abdullah bin Salam (رضي الله عنه).”

This Hadith was also collected in the Two Sahihs; and Al-Bukhari also recorded it with another chain of narration.

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June 27, 2011 at 4:52 am

And of mankind is he who would sell himself, seeking the pleasure of Allah….

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﴿وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَن يَشْرِى نَفْسَهُ ابْتِغَآءَ مَرْضَاتِ اللَّهِ﴾

(And of mankind is he who would sell himself, seeking the pleasure of Allah.)

Ibn `Abbas (رضي الله عنه), Anas (رضي الله عنه), Sa`id bin Musayyib, Abu `Uthman An-Nahdi, `Ikrimah and several other scholars said that this Ayah was revealed about Suhayb bin Sinan Ar-Rumi (رضي الله عنه).

When Suhayb became a Muslim in Makkah and intended to migrate (to Al-Madinah), the people (Quraysh) prevented him from migrating with his money. They said that if he forfeits his property, he is free to migrate. He abandoned his money and preferred to migrate, and Allah revealed this Ayah about him. `Umar bin Khattab (رضي الله عنه) and several other Companions met Suhayb (رضي الله عنه) close to the outskirts of Al-Madinah at Al-Harrah (flat lands with black stones). They said to him, “The trade has indeed been successful.” He answered them, “You too, may Allah never allow your trade to fail. What is the matter” `Umar (رضي الله عنه) told him that Allah has revealed this Ayah (2:207) about him. It was also reported that Allah’s Messenger  (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “The trade has been successful, O Suhayb!”

Tabari

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June 16, 2011 at 3:52 pm

The Gradual Prohibition of Khamr (Alchoholic Drink)

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Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Maysarah (رضي الله عنه) said that `Umar (رضي الله عنه) once said, “O Allah! Give us a clear ruling regarding Al-Khamr!” Allah sent down the Ayah of Surat Al-Baqarah:

﴿يَسْـَلُونَكَ عَنِ الْخَمْرِ وَالْمَيْسِرِ قُلْ فِيهِمَآ إِثْمٌ كَبِيرٌ﴾

(They ask you (O Muhammad  (صلى الله عليه وسلم) ) concerning alcoholic drink and gambling. Say: “In them is a great sin…)

`Umar (رضي الله عنه) was then summoned and the Ayah was recited to him. Yet, he still said, “O Allah! Give us a clear ruling regarding Al-Khamr.” Then, this Ayah that is in Surat An-Nisa’ was revealed:

﴿يَـأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لاَ تَقْرَبُواْ الصَّلَوةَ وَأَنتُمْ سُكَـرَى﴾

(O you who believe! Approach not As-Salah (the prayer) when you are in a drunken state.) (4:43)

Then, when the prayer was called for, a person used to herald on behalf of Allah’s Messenger  (صلى الله عليه وسلم) , “No drunk person should attend the prayer.” `Umar (رضي الله عنه) was summoned again and the Ayah was recited to him. Yet, he still said, “O Allah! Give us a clear ruling regarding Al-Khamr.” Then, the Ayah that is in Surat Al-Ma’idah was revealed, `Umar was again summoned and the Ayah was recited to him. When he reached:

﴿فَهَلْ أَنْتُمْ مُّنتَهُونَ﴾

(So, will you not then abstain) (5:91) he said, “We did abstain, we did abstain. (The full verse is given below)”

This is also the narration that Abu Dawud, At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasai collected in their books.

`Ali bin Al-Madini and At-Tirmidhi said that the chain of narrators for this Hadith is sound and authentic.

 

﴿يَـأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ إِنَّمَا الْخَمْرُ وَالْمَيْسِرُ وَالاٌّنصَابُ وَالاٌّزْلاَمُ رِجْسٌ مِّنْ عَمَلِ الشَّيْطَـنِ فَاجْتَنِبُوهُ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ – إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ الشَّيْطَـنُ أَن يُوقِعَ بَيْنَكُمُ الْعَدَاوَةَ وَالْبَغْضَآءَ فِى الْخَمْرِ وَالْمَيْسِرِ وَيَصُدَّكُمْ عَن ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ وَعَنِ الصَّلَوةِ فَهَلْ أَنْتُمْ مُّنتَهُونَ ﴾

(O you who believe! Intoxicants (all kinds of alcoholic drinks), and gambling, and Al-Ansab, and Al-Azlam are an abomination of Shaytan’s handiwork. So avoid (strictly all) that (abomination) in order that you may be successful. Shaytan wants only to excite enmity and hatred between you with intoxicants (alcoholic drinks) and gambling, and hinder you from the remembrance of Allah and from As-Salah (the prayer). So, will you not then abstain) (5:90, 91)

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June 16, 2011 at 3:47 pm