The lives of companions

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Archive for May 2011

Light on the day of Judgement

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وَقَالَ اِبْن أَبِي حَاتِم حَدَّثَنَا أَبِي حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّد بْن عَلِيّ بْن مُحَمَّد الطَّنَافِسِيّ حَدَّثَنَا اِبْن إِدْرِيس سَمِعْت أَبِي يَذْكُر عَنْ الْمِنْهَال بْن عَمْرو عَنْ قَيْس بْن السَّكَن عَنْ عَبْد اللَّه بْن مَسْعُود ” نُورهمْ يَسْعَى بَيْن أَيْدِيهمْ ” قَالَ عَلَى قَدْر أَعْمَالهمْ يَمُرُّونَ عَلَى الصِّرَاط مِنْهُمْ مَنْ نُوره مِثْل الْجَبَل وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ نُوره مِثْل النَّخْلَة وَأَدْنَاهُمْ نُورًا مَنْ نُوره فِي إِبْهَامه يَتَّقِد مَرَّة وَيُطْفَأ أُخْرَى

Ibn Abi Hatim narrated that `Abdullah bin Mas`ud commented on,

﴿نُورُهُمْ يَسْعَى بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ﴾

(Their Light will run forward before them), “They will pass on the Sirat. according to their deeds. The light that some people have will be as big as a mountain, while the light of others will be as big as a date tree. The people who will have the least light are those whose index fingers will sometimes be lit and extinguished at other times.”


وَقَالَ اِبْن أَبِي حَاتِم أَيْضًا حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّد بْن إِسْمَاعِيل الْأَحْمَسِيّ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو يَحْيَى الْحَمَّانِيّ حَدَّثَنَا عُقْبَة بْن الْيَقْظَان عَنْ عِكْرِمَة عَنْ اِبْن عَبَّاس قَالَ لَيْسَ أَحَد مِنْ أَهْل التَّوْحِيد إِلَّا يُعْطَى نُورًا يَوْم الْقِيَامَة فَأَمَّا الْمُنَافِق فَيُطْفَأ نُوره فَالْمُؤْمِن مُشْفِق مِمَّا يَرَى مِنْ إِطْفَاء نُور الْمُنَافِقِينَ فَهُمْ يَقُولُونَ رَبّنَا أَتْمِمْ لَنَا نُورنَا

Ibn Abi Hatim also reported that Ibn `Abbas said, “Every person among the people of Tawhid (Islamic Monotheism) will gain a light on the Day of Resurrection. As for the hypocrite, his light will be extinguished. When the believers witness the hypocrite’s light being extinguished, they will feel anxious. Hence, they will supplicate,

﴿رَبَّنَآ أَتْمِمْ لَنَا نُورَنَا﴾

(Our Lord! Keep perfect our Light for us).”

Mustadrak Hakim

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May 29, 2011 at 3:55 pm

Two types of Patience

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قَالَ اِبْن أَبِي حَاتِم حَدَّثَنَا عَبْد اللَّه بْن حَمْزَة بْن إِسْمَاعِيل حَدَّثَنَا إِسْحَاق بْن سُلَيْمَان عَنْ أَبِي سِنَان عَنْ عُمَر بْن الْخَطَّاب رَضِيَ اللَّه عَنْهُ قَالَ الصَّبْر صَبْرَانِ صَبْر عِنْد الْمُصِيبَة حَسَن وَأَحْسَن مِنْهُ الصَّبْر عَنْ مَحَارِم اللَّه . قَالَ : وَرُوِيَ عَنْ الْحَسَن الْبَصْرِيّ نَحْو قَوْل عُمَر

Ibn Abi Hatim narrated that `Umar bin Al-Khattab (رضي الله عنه) said, “There are two types of patience: good patience when the disaster strikes, and a better patience while avoiding the prohibitions of Allah.”

Ibn Abi Hatim said that Al-Hasan Al-Basri رحمه الله was reported to have said similarly.

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

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May 29, 2011 at 3:44 pm

Posted in 'Umar Ibn Khattab

The Virtue of Muhammad’s (صلى الله عليه وسلم) Companions (رضي الله عنهم) over the Companions of all Other Prophets (عليهم السلام)

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It is important to point out the virtue of Muhammad’s (صلى الله عليه وسلم) Companions (رضي الله عنهم) over the companions of the other Prophets (عليهم السلام). This includes firmness in the religion, patience and the lack of arrogance, may Allah be pleased with them. Although the Companions accompanied the Prophet in his travels and battles, such as during the battle of Tabuk, in intense heat and hardship, they did not ask for a miracle, though this was easy for the Prophet by Allah’s leave. And when the Companions became hungry, they merely asked the Prophet – to invoke Allah – for an increase in the amount of food. They collected whatever food they had and brought it to the Prophet , and he asked Allah to bless it, told each of them to take some food, and they filled every pot they had. Also, when they needed rain, the Prophet asked Allah to send down rain, and a rain cloud came. They drank, gave water to their camels and filled their water skins. When they looked around, they found that the cloud had only rained on their camp. This is the best example of those who were willing to accept Allah’s decision and follow the Messenger of Allah .

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

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May 29, 2011 at 3:25 pm

Posted in Merits of Sahaba

Jibreel sends greeting of peace

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حدثنا أبو بكر الطلحي ، ثنا إسماعيل بن محمد المزني ، ثنا أبو نعيم ، ثنا زكريا بن أبي زائدة ، قال : سمعت عامرا الشعبي يقول : حدثني أبو سلمة أنعائشة حدثته أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال لها : ” إن جبريل يقرئك السلام ” قالت : وعليه السلام ورحمة الله

Rasulullah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said to her (‘Aisha  (رضي الله عنها)), “Verily Jibreel  (عليه السلام) sends greetings of peace to you” She said, “Wa ‘alayhis salam warahmatullah”

Hilyatul Awliya

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May 22, 2011 at 3:23 pm

Posted in 'Aishah


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حدثنا سليمان بن أحمد ، ثنا عبد الرحمن بن جابر الطائي ، ثنا بشر بن شعيب بن أبي حمزة ، عن أبيه ، عن الزهري ، عن إبراهيم بن عبد الرحمن بن عوف قال : قال عبد الرحمن بن عوف بلينا بالضراء فصبرنا ، وبلينا بالسراء فلم نصبر

‘Abdur Rahman Ibn ‘Awf (رضي الله عنه) said,”When we were tried with adversities, we exercised patience, but when we were tried with comfort, we surely failed to exercise patience.”

Hilyatul Awliya

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May 19, 2011 at 9:18 am

‘Ali (رضي الله عنه) on Alhamdulillah

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Hafs mentioned that `Umar (رضي الله عنه) said to `Ali (رضي الله عنه) , “We know La ilaha illallah, Subhan Allah and Allahu Akbar. What about Al-Hamdu Lillah” `Ali (رضي الله عنه) said, “A statement that Allah liked for Himself, was pleased with for Himself and He likes that it be repeated.”


Ibn `Abbas (رضي الله عنه) said, “Al-Hamdu Lillah is the statement of appreciation. When the servant says Al-Hamdu Lillah, Allah says, `My servant has praised Me.”

Ibn Abi Hatim recorded this Hadith.

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May 12, 2011 at 9:54 am

Tafsir by mere opinion is not allowed

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 Muhammad bin Jarir reported that Ibn ‘Abbas (رضي الله عنه) said that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said,

[Whoever explains the Qur’an with his opinion or with what he has no knowledge of, then let him assume his seat in the Fire.]

At-Tirmidhi, An-Nasa’i and Abu Dawud also recorded this Hadith. At-Tirmidhi said, “Hasan”.

Ibn Jarir (At-Tabari) reported that Abu Ma’mar said that Abu Bakr As-Siddiq (رضي الله عنه) said, ” Which land will carry me and which heaven will shade me if I said aboutAllah’s Book that which I have no knowledge of? ”

Ibn Jarir also recorded that Ibn Abi Mulaykah said that Ibn ‘Abbas (رضي الله عنه) was asked about an Ayah, “That if any of you is asked about, he will indulge in its Tafsir.” without hesitation Ibn ‘Abbas refused to say anything about it (meaning with his opinion). This narration has an authentic chain of narrators.

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May 12, 2011 at 9:51 am

Knowledge of Ibn ‘Abbas in Qur’an

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The Prophet  (صلى الله عليه وسلم) invoked Allah for the benefit of Ibn `Abbas (رضي الله عنه) ,

(O Allah! Teach him Fiqh in the religion and interpretation.)

Fath Al Bari

`Abdullah bin Mas`ud (رضي الله عنه) said,

“Yes, Ibn ‘Abbas (رضي الله عنه) is the interpreter of the Qur’an.”

Tabari, authentic

Al-A’mash said that Abu Wa’il said, “Ali (رضي الله عنه) once appointed ‘Abdullah bin `Abbas (رضي الله عنه) to lead the Haj season. Ibn ‘Abbas gave a speech to the people in which he read and explained Surat Al­ Baqarah (according to another narration,Surat An-Nur) in such a way, that if the Romans, Turks and the Daylam heard him, they would have embraced Islam.”


Muhammad binIshaq narrated that Abban bin Salih said that Mujahid said, “I reviewed the Mushaf with Ibn `Abbas (رضي الله عنه) thrice from beginning toend asking him about each and every Ayah in it.”

Ibn Jarir narrated that Ibn Abi Mulaykah said, “I saw Mujahid asking Ibn `Abbas (رضي الله عنه) about the Tafsir of the Quran while he was holding his tablets (papers). Ibn ‘Abbas (رضي الله عنه) would say to him,Write,’ until Mujahid asked him about the entire Tafstr.” This is why Sufyan Ath-Thawri said, “If the Tafsir reaches you fromMujahid, then it is sufficient for you.”

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May 9, 2011 at 5:11 am

Zeal for knowledge

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Imam Abu Ja’far bin Jarir At-Tabari narrated that ‘Abdullah bin Mas`ud (رضي الله عنه) said,

“By He other than Whom there is no God, no Ayah in the Book of Allah was revealed but I have knowledge about whomand where it was revealed. Verily, if I know of a person who has more knowledge than me in the Book of Allah that the animals can reach (by travelling on them), I will travel to meet him.”

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May 9, 2011 at 5:03 am