The lives of companions

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Archive for November 2010

The martyrdom of ‘Umair Ibn Abi Waqqas رضي الله عنه

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وأخرجه ابن سعد عن سعد رضي الله عنه قال: رأيت أخي عُمَير بن أبي وقاص قبل أن يعرضنا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يوم بدر يتوارى، فقلت: ما لك يا أخي؟ قال: إني أخاف أن يراني رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فيستصغرني فيردّني، وأنا أحب الخروج لعلّ الله أن يرزقني الشهادة. قال: فعُرض على رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فردَّه، فبكى فأجازه. فكان سعد رضي الله عنه يقول: فكنت أعقِد حَمائل سيفه من صِغره فقتل وهو ابن ست عشرة سنة. كذا في الإِصابة ، وأخرجه البزار، ورجاله ثقات؛ كما في المجمع

S’ad Ibn Abi Waqqas رضي الله عنه narrated, “I saw my brother, ‘Umair Ibn Abi Waqqas (رضي الله عنه ) hide himself before he was presented before Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم on the occasion of battle of badr. I asked him, “O my brother! What has happened to you? ” He replied, “I fear that if the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم saw me, he would think of me to be too young and would disallow me (to go). But I love to go out (in the battle). May it be that Allah would grant me Shahadah.” But soon after that he was presented before the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم who disallowed him. He started to weep due to which he permitted him [to go out]. S’ad said, ” I tied the sword’s age. He was martyred at the age of sixteen years (only).”

Transmitted by Ibn Sa’d as given in al-Isabah vol 3 and also by Bazzar. Its narrators are reliable as given in al Majma’.

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November 30, 2010 at 2:58 am

How did Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه accept Islam?

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أخرج الحافظ أبو الحسن الأطرابلسي عن عائشة رضي الله عنها قالت: خرج أبو بكر يريد رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ وكان له صديقاً في الجاهلية ــــ فلقيه فقال: يا أبا القاسم، فُقدْتَ من مجالس قومك واتَّهموك بالعيب لآبائها وأُمهاتها، فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم «إني رسول الله أدعوك إلى الله»، فلما فرغ من كلامه أسلم أبو بكر، فانطلق عنه رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم وما بين الأخشَبَيْن أحد أكثر سروراً منه بإسلام أبي بكر؛ مضى أبو بكر فراح لعثمان بن عفان وطلحة بن عبيد الله والزبير بن العوام وسعد بن أبي وقاص فأسلموا، ثم جاء الغد بعثمان بن مظعون وأبي عبيدة بن الجراح وعبد الرحمن بن عوف وأبي سَلَمة بن عبد الأسد والأرقم بن أبي الأرقم، فأسلموا رضي الله عنهم، كذا في البداية

‘Aisha رضي الله عنها narrated that: “Once Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه came out to search for Rasulullah صلى الله عليه وسلم . Both were friends from pre islamic days. On finding him, Abu Bakr said,”O Abul Qasim (صلى الله عليه وسلم )! I do not find you in the meeting of the nations (ie tribes); and people accuse you of cursing their forefathers.” He replied, “I am the messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم ) and I invite you towards Allah.” As soon as he finished his talk, Abu Bakr embraced Islam. The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم ) became very pleased with Abu Bakr’s Islam as no one among those living between the two hills of Mecca was pleased. Then Abu Bakr went to ‘Uthman Ibn Affan, Talha Ibn ‘Ubaidullah, Zubair Ibn al Awwam and S’ad Ibn Abi waqqas (رضي الله عنهم ) and invited them towards goodness (ie Islam). They also embraced Islam. The next day, he went to ‘Uthman Ibn Maz’un, Abu ‘Ubaidah Ibn Al Jarrah, Abdur Rahman Ibn ‘Auf, Abu Salamah Ibn “Abdul Asad and Arqam Ibn Abul Arqam (رضي الله عنهم ). They also embraced Islam.

Al Bidaya vol3 pg 29

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November 29, 2010 at 8:28 am

Posted in Abu Bakr As-Siddiq

So it is most fitting for Umar to listen to her.

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Qatadah says:

Umar [Rad came out from the masjid and with him was al-Jarud al-Abdi. There was a woman on the main road. Umar greeted her. She answered (his greeting) and (then) said: Be off, O Umar! I have seen you (when you were) called Umayr (lttle Umar) in the marketplace of Ukaz, tending the sheep with your stick. Then the days passed and you were called Umar. Then the days passed and (now) you are called Commander of the Believers. So, be wary of God in respect of the subjects (whom you govern). And she continued advising him. Then al-Jarud said: Woman, you have said a lot to the Commander of the Believers. Umar said: Let her be. Do you not know her? This is Khawlah bint Hakim, the wife of Ubayd ibn al-Samit, whose word was heard by Allah from above the seven heavens.* So it is most fitting for Umar to listen to her.

Ibn Abd al-Barr, al-Isti’ab

*The Caliph is here alluding to the sending down of the opening verses of al-Mujadalah

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November 27, 2010 at 2:41 am

Posted in 'Umar Ibn Khattab

How hard it was for them to utter these words…

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ما أخطأني ابن مسعود عشية خميس إلا أتيته فيه قال فما سمعته يقول بشيء قط قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فلما كان ذات عشية قال قال رسول الله قال صلى الله عليه وسلم فنكس قال فنظرت إليه فهو قائم محللة أزرار قميصه قد اغرورقت عيناه وانتفخت أوداجه قال أو دون ذلك أو فوق ذلك أو قريبا من ذلك أو شبيها بذلك 

‘Amr bin Maimun said: “I used to visit Ibn Mas’ud every thrusday afternoon, but he never uttered the words: 

“The messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said.” Then one evening, he said: ‘Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said then he let his head hang down.” He said: “I looked at him and saw that his shirt was unfastened; his eyes were filled with tears, and his veins were bulging out (With fear). He said: ‘Or more than that, or less than that, or close to that, or something similar.”

Ibn Majah.

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November 27, 2010 at 2:37 am

I would have paid them

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اشترى أبو بكر بلالا وهو مدفون في الحجارة بخمس أواق ذهبا ، فقالوا : لو أبيت إلا أوقية لبعناكه ، قال : لو أبيتم إلا مئة أوقية لأخذته

Sa’id Ibn ‘Umar narrated that Bilal al Habashi (رضي الله عنه) was under heavy torture and he was buried alive under heavy stones when  Abu Bakr (رضي الله عنه) came and bought his freedom for five measures of gold. After accepting the deal, the Quraishi headman remarked to Abu Bakr, “I would have sold him to you even if you had insisted and bargained on a single measure of gold.” Abu Bakr replied, “Should you even had insisted on asking hundred measures of gold for his freedom, I would have paid them.”

[Hilyah al awliya, classified strong by Imam Dhahabi]

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November 26, 2010 at 5:29 pm

Allâh makes the illness of a believer an expiation…

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Salmân Al-Fârsî – Allâh be pleased with him – once visited a sick friend. When he entered upon him he said:

Have glad tidings, for verily Allâh makes the illness of a believer an expiation [for his sins] and a cause of being pleased, whereas the illness of a sinner is like a camel that has been tied by its owners, thenreleased by them: it knows not why it was tied up nor why it was released.

Al-Bukhârî, Al-Adab Al-Mufrad in the Chapter on the Expiation [of sins through] illness

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November 23, 2010 at 5:11 pm

Posted in Salman Al-Farsi

I know of no other deed that brings people closer to Allah than…

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A man came to Ibn Abbas (ra) and said, “I asked for a women’s hand in marriage, and she refused me. Someone else asked for her hand and she accepted and married him. I felt jealous so I killed her. Will my repentance be accepted?”

Ibn Abbas (ra) asked, “Is your mother still alive?”

He said, “No.”

So Ibn Abbas (ra) told him, “Repent to Allah and do your best to draw close to Him.”

Then Ataa’ ibn Yasaar (ra) who over heard their conversation asked, “why did you ask him if his mother was still alive?”

Ibn Abbas (ra) said, “Because I know of no other deed that brings people closer to Allah than kind treatment and respect towards one’s mother.”

[ Bukhari, Al-Adab al-Mufrad, 1/45 baab birr al-umm.]

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November 20, 2010 at 3:29 pm