The lives of companions

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Archive for August 2010

Enjoin salah on your family

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Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that Zayd bin Aslam reported from his father that he and Yarfa’ would sometimes spend the night at `Umar bin Al-Khattab’s. `Umar had a certain time of night that he would get up and pray. However, sometimes he would not get up for it. Then, we would say, “He is not going to get up like he usually does.” When he would awaken, he would make his family get up as well. He would say,

[وَأْمُرْ أَهْلَكَ بِالصَّلوةِ وَاصْطَبِرْ عَلَيْهَا]

(And enjoin the Salah on your family, and be patient in offering them.)”

Tafsir Ibn Kathir, Surah Taha

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August 28, 2010 at 3:35 pm

Umar’s Instructions on the First Night of Ramadan

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It is reported that on the first night of Ramadân, ‘Umar – Allâh be pleased with him – would pray Maghrib, then say (to the people):

Sit down. Then he would give a small address:

Verily the fasting of this month has been made a duty upon you, and standing in night prayer has not been made a duty upon you, but those amongst you who can stand in prayer should do so, for it is from the extra good deeds about which Allâh told us: so whoever cannot stand in prayer, let him sleep on his bed.

And beware of saying: I will fast if so and so fasts and I will stand in night prayer if so and so stands in prayer. Whoever fasts or stands in night prayer, he must make this for Allâh. And you should know that you are in prayer as long as you are waiting for a prayer.

Minimize any vain or false speech in the houses of Allâh (mosques; he said this two or three times). Let none of you fast a few days before the month (in order to avoid missing the beginning of the month; he said this three times). And do not fast until you see [the crescent of the new month] unless it is overcast. If it is overcast, count [the previous month] as 30 days. Then do not break your fasts until you see the night upon the mountain (i.e. you are sure the sun has set).

‘Abd Al-Razzâq Al-San’ânî, Al-Musannaf article 7748.

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August 28, 2010 at 12:35 am

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Four Distinctions of Abu Bakr

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It is reported that Al-Sha’bî – Allâh have mercy on him – said:

Allâh the Exalted distinguished Abû Bakr Al-Siddîq – Allâh be pleased with him – with four qualities He did not distinguish anyone else with: He called him Al-Siddîq (the true believer), and He never named anyone else Al-Siddîq; [Abû Bakr] was the companion of Allâh’s Messenger – praise and peace of Allâh be upon him – in the cave, and his companion during the Migration (Al-Hijrah); and Allâh’s Messenger – praise and peace of Allâh be upon him – told him to lead the prayer in the presence of the rest of the Muslims.

Abu Bakr Al-Daynûrî, Al-Mujâlasah wa Jawâhir Al-’Ilm article 2815.

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August 28, 2010 at 12:34 am

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The Qur’an & The Sahaba

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Narrated from Abdullaah ibn ‘Urwa ibn Zubayr from his grandmother; Asmaa bint Abu Bakr (may Allaah be pleased with them); that he said:

‘I said to her: What was the condition of the Companions of the Messenger of Allaah  when the Qur’an was recited to them?’

She said:

كانوا كما نعتهم الله ، تدمع أعينهم ، وتقشعر جلودهم

“They were just like how Allaah described them: Their eyes shedding tears, and their skins shivering.”

Source: Zuhd wa Raqaaiq of Ibnul Mubaarak

Allaah The Mighty says:

Allâh has sent down the best statement, a Book (this Qur’ân), its parts resembling each other in goodness and truth, oft-repeated. The skins of those who fear their Lord shiver from it (when they recite it or hear it). Then their skin and their heart soften to the remembrance of Allâh. That is the guidance of Allâh. He Guides therewith whom He pleases and whomever Allâh sends astray, for him there is no guide.  [Az-Zumar: 23]

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August 25, 2010 at 3:09 pm

Posted in Merits of Sahaba, Qur'an

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14 friends of Prophet[SAW]

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إن كل نبي أعطي سبعة نجباء رفقاء – أو قال : رقباء – وأعطيت أنا أربعة عشر قلنا : من هم ؟ قال : أنا وابناي ، وجعفر ، وحمزة ، وأبو بكر ، وعمر ، ومصعب بن عمير ، وبلال ، وسلمان ، وعمار ، والمقداد ، وحذيفة ، وعبد الله بن مسعود

Sayyidina Ali ibn Abu Talib reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said,

“Every Prophet is given seven eminent men who are his friends, but I am given fourteen.”

They asked him,

“Who are they?”

He said,

“I and my two sons and Ja’far, Hamzah, Abu Bakr, Umar, Mus’ab ibn Umayr, Bilal, Salman, Ammar, Miqdad, Hudhayfah and Abdullah ibn Masud.

Jami at Tirmidhi

Good righteous deeds that last

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The Commander of the faithful, `Uthman bin `Affan was questioned, “Which are the good righteous deeds that last?” He replied, “They are: `La ilaha illallah, Subhan Allah, Al-Hamdu Lillah, Allahu Akbar and La hawla wa la quwwata illa billah hil-`Aliyil-`Azim (there is no strength and no power except with Allah the Exalted, the Almighty).”’

This was recorded by Imam Ahmad.

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August 7, 2010 at 2:52 pm

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Talha’s [RA] Dream

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Talha ibn ‘Ubaydallah (radhiallahu `anhu) reported that two men came to the Prophet (sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam) who had accepted Islam at the same time. One of them used to partake in Jihad more-so than the other, and so (one day) he fought in a battle and was martyred therein. The other remained behind him for another year, and then he passed away.

Talha said, ‘I saw in my dream that I was at the door of Paradise when behold, I was with both of them (the two men). Someone came out of Paradise and allowed the man who passed away later to enter first. Then he came out again and allowed the martyred one to enter. Then he returned and said to me, ‘Go back, for your time has not come yet.’

Talha woke up and began to inform others about this and they were all surprised. This reached the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam) and when they informed him of it, he said:

من أي ذلك تعجبون؟ قالوا: يا رسول اللهّ هذا كان أشد الرجلين اجتهاداً ثم استشهد ودخل هذا الآخر الجنة قبله فقال رسول الله (صلى الله عليه وسلم) : أليس قد مكث هذا بعده سنة؟ قالوا: بلى. قال: أدرك رمضان فصام وصلى كذا وكذا من سجدة في السنة؟ قالوا: بلى. قال رسول الله (صلى الله عليه وسلم): فما بينهما أبعد مما بين السماء والأرض

He (sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam) said, ‘What are you surprised about?’ They said, ‘O Messenger of Allah! Out of them both, this one strove harder (in Jihad) then he was martyred but this other one was entered into Paradise before him.’ The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam) said, ‘Did he not remain behind him for one year?’ They said, ‘Yes (he did).’ He said, ‘Did he not reach Ramadan, fast and pray with such and such number of prostrations in the year?’ They said, ‘Yes.’ The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam) said, ‘So the difference between them is greater than what is between the heavens and the earth.’

– Sahih narration from Ibn Majah (2/345, 346) and al-Albani’s ‘al-Silsilah al-Sahihah’

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August 7, 2010 at 6:45 am

Posted in Talha Ibn 'Ubaidillah

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